Preventative Health Maintenance
& Safety Tips: 8 to 18 Years
8 Years
1.  Use mouth guard during sports activities.
2.  Know pedestrian safety:  look both ways when crossing a street, cross only in a
crosswalk, etc.
3.  Keep all cleaning supplies away from where food is stored in a locked or child proof
cabinet.  Keep all vitamins and medicines up out of reach.  Teach child that medicine is
not candy (do not call it candy).
4.  Have appropriate arrangements for adult supervision when parents are not at home.
5.  Parents should establish understandable rules about chores (age appropriate), TV
(one hour
per day of appropriate programming), outside activities, and bedtime for 8 year
old child.
6.  Parents and child should know 8-year-old-appropriate sex education.

10 Years
1.  Know car safety for 10 year old (seatbelt).
2.  Know bicycle safety for 10 year old (helmet, riding away from cars on proper side of
road).
3.  Parents should have good communication with child by being available, sit down for a
regular evening meal together as a family and allow them to discuss their day.
4.  Be consistent with rules and consequences for breaking rules.
5.  Show affection toward child.
6.  Provide age appropriate sex education.
7.  When it comes to discipline, consistence is most important.  Do not attack child's
character, but rather the unacceptable behavior.  "Make punishment fit the crime."
8.  Become involved in school activities of child.   Research has proven that the more
involved and attentive the parent is to the child, the less likely the child is to engage in
drugs, alcohol, promiscuous sex.
9.  Discuss with child reasons to avoid smoking, alcohol and drugs.
10.  Child should socially interact in sports and other activities.  Encourage one or two
regular activities that are in line with child's natural abilities, talents or interests.

12 Years
1.  Maintain good communication with child.  Child may become withdrawn; make child
aware that you're available to them.
2.  Between ages 10-12, child may become more involved in social groups and less
interested in family time.  Parent should maintain regular family activities or meals that
provide time to interact with his/her child to stay on top of what is going on in the
preteen/teen's life.

14 Years
1.  Spend time with child.
2.  Encourage child to engage in physical activity.
3.  Child should get sufficient sleep/rest.
4.  Child should know consequences of sexual activities.
5.  Child should be encouraged to have positive self-esteem.

16 Years
1.  Teen should have good health habits (nutrition, stress reduction, smoking, etc.).  A
busy teen may need help prioritizing activities to avoid exhaustion or avoidance of school
work.
2.  Teen needs interaction with friends and family.  Stay involved, maintain a regular
evening family meal and require your teen to be there if at all possible.

18 Years
Parent need to stay involved in teen's life, even when he/she does not seem interested.  
Make sure to let your teen know you are there and available for them.