Child Safety
Nothing compares to the safety of a child.  Some of the greatest ways to promote the
health and safety of children are making sure they receive medical attention when
needed, as well as regular well child visits with their primary care physician and
immunizations kept up to date at these intervals:
                                     
Birth - 2 weeks
1 month
2 months
4 months
6 months
9-12 months
15 months
18 months
24 months
Once per year after 24 months

Yearly DENTAL exams and HEARING and VISION checks
should begin at age 3 (unless a problem is obvious earlier).
Preventative Health Maintenance
and Safety Tips

Newborn to 18 Years
Newborn
1.  Always place baby on his/her back to sleep, even for naps.
2.  Place baby on a firm mattress, and remove soft, fluffy bedding and stuffed toys from
baby's sleep area.
3.  Make sure baby's head and face remain uncovered during sleep.
4.  Do not allow baby to get too warm during sleep.  Dress infant about the same as  you
would dress for comfort.
5.  Do not allow smoking around your infant.  Any household members who smoke should
always smoke outside, and never in the house or car where a baby will be.
6.  Get regular well baby checks and immunizations.
7.  Always transport baby in a car seat, rear-facing, preferably in the back seat.  Never
place a baby in front seat.
Above tips reduce the risks of SIDS (a sudden infant death with no known
cause) - for more information, call 1-800-505-CRIB.

2 Months
1.  Clean mouth with clean, moist cloth to remove sugar from gums.
2.  Avoid holding anything hot or cigarettes while holding infant.
3.  Do not lay baby on sofa, bed or other high surface unattended.

4 Months
1.  Use car seat for transporting infant.
2.  Again, do not allow smoking around your infant.  Any household members who smoke
should always smoke outside, and never in the house or car where a baby will be.
3.  At this age, baby will begin to roll.  Do not lay baby on sofa, bed or other high surface
unattended.
4.  Do not leave baby unattended with a toddler or a pet.

6 Months
1.  Do not lie down with a bottle.  This would increase the risk of baby bottle tooth decay
and ear infections.
2.  When baby reaches 20 lbs, put in larger car seat, rear-facing, preferably in the back
seat.  Never place a baby in front seat.
3.  Begin safety-proofing house.  Watch for lamp cords and phone cords that baby can
reach and pull down on himself.
4.  Do not place baby on high surface unattended.
5.  Keep all cleaning supplies away from where food is stored in a locked or child proof
cabinet.  Keep all vitamins and medicines up out of reach.  Post
POISON HOTLINE
near the phone:  1-800-222-1222.

9 Months
1.  Do not lie down with a bottle.  This would increase the risk of baby bottle tooth decay
and ear infections.
2.  When baby reaches 20 lbs, put in larger car seat, rear-facing, preferably in the back
seat.  Never place a baby in front seat.
3.  Begin safety-proofing house.  Watch for lamp cords and phone cords that baby can
reach and pull down on himself.  
4.  Keep all cleaning supplies away from where food is stored in a locked or child proof
cabinet.  Keep all vitamins and medicines up out of reach.
5.  Talk to baby to stimulate language development (should do this from birth).
6.  With house child-safety proofed, allow infant to explore.  Placing baby in a playpen fro
extended periods of time can impede development.

12 Months
1.  Do not lie down with a bottle.  This would increase the risk of baby bottle tooth decay
and ear infections.
2.  When baby reaches 20 lbs, put in larger car seat, rear-facing, preferably in the back
seat.  Never place a baby in front seat.
3.  Do not allow smoking around your infant.  Any household members who smoke should
always smoke outside, and never in the house or car where a baby will be.
4.  Outdoor supervision is very important.  Do not leave child outside or in a car alone.
5.  "No" should be used consistently to prevent injury or harm.

Children should be offered health foods with milk or some juice every 3-4 hours (3 meals
with 2-3 snacks per day).  Offer a variety of nutritious food, but let the child decide if or
how much to eat.  Do
not allow child easy access to a cup throughout the day, except for
water.  This will encourage child to self-regulate eating when hungry and will decrease
chance of tooth decay.

15 Months
1.  Brush teeth with water 3 times per day and before bed.  Use toothpaste when child can
spit it out.
2.  Do not lie down with a bottle.  This would increase the risk of baby bottle tooth decay
and ear infections.
3.  If weaned to cup, do not substitute a sippee cup for bedtime bottle, as this can cause
the same problem with teeth and ears.
4.  Close off staircase  with a door or gate.  Teach child to go up and down safely when
he starts walking.
5.  Watch stoves, irons, pots and pan handles that could be grabbed and pulled over on
toddler.
6.  
Never leave child unattended in bath tub or near water, even for a minute.  If phone
rings, ignore it, or take baby with you.
7.  Reading to baby, playing games with blocks and age appropriate toys is preferred
over TV watching, and will stimulate brain development.

18 Months
1.  It is much easier to wean baby  at 12-15 months than to wait until age 2.
2.  Child must be restrained in a car seat.
3.  Do not place baby's bed/crib near an open window.
4.  Watch for hazards that could cause falls.
5.  Watch for hazards that could cause burns (cigarettes, pots and pans, candles).
6.  Watch for hazards that could cause drowning (left in tub unattended).
7.  Never shake a baby.
8.  Child should play with age appropriate toys.

3 Years
1.  Need first dental visit.
2.  Supervision of a 3 year old is essential.  The child has the ability to climb, run, and do
other things that could cause injury.
3.  Parents should begin to teach child about avoiding strangers.

4 Years
1.  Supervise any swimming, no matter the depth of the pool/tub.
2.  Have a home fire plan - getting the routes of the house, where to meet, etc.
3.  Do not approach an unknown dog.
4.  Know the importance of peers for a 4 year old child.
5.  Establish a bedtime ritual the child can anticipate and enjoy.

5 Years
1.  Need regular dental visits.
2.  Talk to dentist about dental sealants.
3.  Use mouth guard during sports activities.
4.  Child should be restrained in an approved booster seat until age 8 while in a motor
vehicle.
5.  Supervise water use (swimming).
6.  Wear a helmet when bicycling.
7.  Keep firearms locked up and keep key out of child's reach.
8.  Know stranger danger.
9.  Regular shores teach responsibility and build self confidence.
10.  Establish balance between child's need for independence and parental limit setting.
11.  Avoid violence, encourage outdoor activities.
12.  Answer simple questions from children in simple terms.  Answer what they ask
truthfully.
Ages 8-18 Years